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Have you heard of insulin resistance? Perhaps in relationship to pre-diabetes? It is a condition that occurs when certain cells in the body, especially in the liver and muscles, lose their sensitivity to insulin. There is resistance to insulin. Since the cells are not taking up as much insulin as usual, more insulin is needed to help keep your glucose levels in the normal range. And that means the pancreas eventually will not be able to keep up with making enough insulin.
Risk Factors for Insulin Resistance:
How best to reduce your risk for insulin resistance:
Insulin resistance can lead to pre-diabetes and then type 2 diabetes. Since the pancreas has to compensate for your body’s inability to efficiently use insulin, it has to work even harder by making more insulin to get the job done. And this is stressful wear-and-tear on the pancreas.
For 25 years, the American Diabetes Association has set aside today – Diabetes Alert Day – to help folks learn if they are at risk for developing the most common type of diabetes, type 2. It is a growing epidemic in this country – well, actually worldwide because it is so closely connected to obesity. We want an early diagnosis of diabetes, since early treatment means delaying or avoiding complications such as heart disease, blindness, kidney disease, and stroke.
Are you at risk for developing diabetes? These put you at risk….. excess weight, age, and having a family history of diabetes.
If you have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes, it does not mean that you will develop type 2 diabetes any time soon. It really depends what you do with your lifestyle habits:
make changes in your diet with a modest amount of unrefined carbohydrate foods, lose weight if you need to, and enjoy regular exercise. Follow the 30/5 exercise rule: 30 minutes of exercise, 5 days a week.
Friday, March 29
Diabetes Resources: www.stopdiabetes.org and 1-800-DIABETES.
Making lifestyle changes for better health? There is help! If you have Pre-Diabetes or Diabetes:
Making lifestyle changes for better health? There is help! If you have Heart issues:
Making lifestyle changes for better health? There is help! If you have Weight Management issues:
Other health issues where a Registered Dietitian might be able to offer some guidance with your food choices:
Our Nutrition and Diabetes Education Department will get a referral from the MD office. And YOU can call insurance to see if there is coverage. There is more coverage in disease prevention than ever before, so it is worth checking it out.
It’s such a growing problem world-wide that I want to discuss pre-diabetes at the beginning of this new year. It you have pre-diabetes, then you join 79,000,000 Americans. Worldwide, diabetes experts predict that 470 million will have pre-diabetes by year 2030!!! IF you have pre-diabetes and don’t do something NOW, you will probably develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years. So, let’s get into action NOW!!
Even with pre-diabetes there can be early signs of chronic kidney disease, diabetic retinopathy and vascular disease. You’ll want your glucose numbers to be in good control (fasting glucose is 70-99 mg/dl).
What lab values put you in the pre-diabetes range?
Lifestyle changes that can reverse pre-diabetes:
Usually two things are going on in pre-diabetes: the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin and there is insulin resistance from the tummy fat. Fortunately lifestyle changes are often the only thing that needs to happen to get glucose readings back to the normal range. How cool is that???
How do you sleep at night? Sleeping well and adequately is so very important health-wise. A recent study found that weight loss, especially in the belly, in obese or overweight individuals with type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes improved the quality of their sleep. Isn’t that interesting?
Common sleep problems in folks:
Chronic sleep problems can lead to:
Even a modest 15 lb. weight loss makes a difference in sleep. And in the study it did not matter if folks lost weight by just making changes in their diet, or a combo with added exercise, there was a sleep benefit.
Sleep health – that means sleeping restfully and long enough – is important for physical as well as mental health. Sleep well…..and losing weight might help you to do just that!
Okay, so you have type 2 diabetes. And as you know, it is important to keep your glucose well-controlled. That means aim for a glucose reading under 130 mg/dl before a meal and less than 180 mg/dl two hours after a meal. Now, if you get certain physical symptoms, your body might be telling you that your glucose is not in good control.
Symptoms of HIGH blood glucose:
Having a high blood glucose reading is not normal, so the body does rebel in different ways. You might even experience diarrhea or constipation. Your family and friends may also notice that you are a bit irritable when glucose is out of control.
If you have diabetes, be in tune to when things do not feel right physically. Use your glucose meter to test your glucose if things seem off. You need to know where you stand, and then decide with your doctor how you are going to treat those high readings.
Millions diabetes, and they work hard to keep their blood glucose levels in a safe range. But for some, they have high and low blood glucose readings that are troublesome, and even dangerous. It’s important to keep those glucose levels on an even keel.
Symptoms of LOW blood glucose:
What can happen if glucose levels are low frequently?
Health problems with running HIGH Glucose levels:
Consistently having high or low blood glucose readings is not physically good for your body. It takes a toll when this goes on for months and even years. It is never too late to get those glucose levels back to the normal and safe range by
Check out the many diabetes-related classes that Martha Jefferson offers. Call Health Connection at (434) 654-7009.
We know that type 2 diabetes is running rampant in the world. Millions of folks either have pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. We also talk about the importance of breakfast. So, are the two connected – type 2 diabetes and eating breakfast? A recent study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests YES!
The study included 29,000 men who were followed for 16 years. Researchers tracked diets, exercise habits and disease rates.
Why would breakfast reduce type 2 diabetes risk? Researchers believethat perhaps…
Don’t fret. Breakfast is as easy as 1-2-3:
Easy ideas to make breaskfast happen:
The American Diabetes Association is releasing new guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The bottom line is that the patient needs to work with their doctor to figure out the best treatment plan. One size does not fit all.
The A1C Guidelines have changed:
Bottom line- your A1C goal needs to be decided with you and your doctor.
Lifestyle treatment for type 2 diabetes is still suggested first:
Treatment may also include medications. Metformin is a first-line medication. Other meds can be added of needed. Again, this is a decision to make with your doctor.
The new guidelines for treatment of type 2 diabetes focus on YOU the patient, other health conditions you have, your lifestyle, level of motivation and ability to make changes. Each person is different in what they can or cannot do. The bottom line is to have good control of your type 2 diabetes to reduce your risk of complications such as early heart disease or kidney failure.
Last Tuesday was National Diabetes Alert Day, sponsored by the American Diabetes Association. It is a “one-day wake-up” call to assess your risk for developing type 2 diabetes. With 26 million Americans who have diabetes, and another 79 million with pre-diabetes (or, one-third of all adults!), it is really important to take this disease seriously and work to prevent it.
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes:
Protect Yourself From Type 2 Diabetes:
All of this is especially important if you’re over 65: Because 1 in 4 Americans over the age of 65 has type 2 diabetes.
You can take a diabetes risk test and gather some great information at www.diabetes.org or at www.stopdiabetes.com. And think about coming to my FREE Supermarket Smarts class for folks with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. The calendar is available at www.marthajefferson.org or you can call MJH Health Connection at (434) 654-7009.