Having a prostate exam shouldn’t be cause for concern or fear. This screening is painless and takes just minutes to perform.
What is frightening is that nearly one man in six will get prostate cancer at some point in his life. And risk factors like having a family history of prostate cancer, eating a diet high in fats and red meats or simply getting older can increase your chances of getting this disease.
Prostate exams can detect cancer early when treatment is most effective. Since there are typically no symptoms of prostate cancer, these exams can save your life. In fact, if cancer is caught early, the 5-year survival rate is nearly 100 percent.
How Do Doctors Screen for Prostate Cancer?
There are two tests that doctors currently use to screen for prostate cancer. The primary method is a digital rectal exam (DRE). The second is a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. The presence of higher levels of PSA in the blood may indicate prostate cancer.